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高考英语熟词生义总汇

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高考英语熟词生义 高考英语熟词生义 We didn't plan our art exhibition like that but it_____ very well. A.worked out B.tr out C.went on D.carr on 正确答案为 A。

此处 work out 的词义为“(情况)发展……”、“进行……”。

其余干扰项的干扰作用都很大。

如果没有完全掌握 work out 的含义, 根本无法选定这个选项, 更何况, 我们的课本根本未有把 work out 作“ (情 况)进展”、“进行”解释过。

单选题如此,阅读理解、完形填空等题中熟词生义现象更是比比皆是。

为了能 使我们广大考生顺利通过考试,我们将根据《考试说明》的词汇表,按照字母顺序举例解析我们常见常考的熟 词生义。

A 1.about prep.&adv.到处=(美)around (熟义:关于) We spent the whole afternoon walking about town.我们整个下午就在城里到处逛来逛去。

2.accept vt.&vi.①同意(接受别人的观点,看法) (熟义:接受) Tom accepted her explanation.汤姆同意她的解释。

②认可,领受,认为 I accept that the aircraft has no choice but to crash into the sea. 飞机只有坠入大海,别无他法,我只好认命了。

3.act vi.起作用 (熟义:行动) It takes a couple of minutes for the drug to act.只需几分钟,药物就起作用了。

4.add vt.接着说,又说 (熟义:加) “They don't know.”he added.“他们不知道。

”他接着又说。

5.address vt.①称呼 (熟义:地址,写地址) The president should be addressed as“Mr President.”总统应称为“总统先生”。

②直接向……说 ③向……发表演说 She turned to address the man on her left.她转身过去,向她左边的那人讲话。

He is going to address the meeting in a minute.他一会儿就要在大会上讲话了。

6.admit vt.①允许进入 ②容纳 (熟义:承认) The servant opened the door and admitted me(into the house)仆人打开门,并请我进去。

The theatre only admits 1,000persons.这个剧场只能容纳一千人。

7.against prep.衬着,迎着,靠着 (熟义:反对,违背) The picture looks good against the white wall.这幅画在洁白的墙的衬托下显得很好看。

8.agree with 与……一致,协调,适合 (熟义:同意) Your story agrees with what I heard.你讲的与我所听到的一致。

Long plane trips don't agree with me.我不适合坐飞机长途旅行。

9.air v.抒发,倾诉,播送 (熟义:n.空气) Don't air your troubles too often.不要经常发牢骚。

10.at all 真的,确实 (熟义:常与 not 连用,构成 not at all:不用谢,一点也不。

) If it is at all foggy,I shall not go out.如果真的有雾,我就不出去。

This is the first time that I have ever been abroad at all. 这真的是我第一次出国。

11.arm n.武器 v.武装 (熟义:n.手臂) 1

图1

Lay down your arms or we'll fire!放下武器,否则,我们就开枪了! 12.attend vt.&vi.看护,治疗 (熟义:出席) Dr.Paria Lal attends him.Paria Lal 医生在治疗他。

If you go out,who'll attend to the baby?如果你走了,谁来照看婴儿? B 13.back vt.支持 (熟义:n.背) Many of his friends backed his plan.他的许多朋友支持他的计划。

14.badly adv.迫切 (熟义:坏) The boy badly wants a new bike.这男孩非常想要一辆新自行车。

15.before conj.才;就 (熟义:以前) It was a long time before I got to sleep again.过了很久我才再睡着。

I hadn't waited long before he came.我没有等多久,他就来了。

16.break down(计划)失败,坚持不下去 [熟义:(机器等)坏了] All our plans broke down.我们所有的计划都破灭了。

17.bring v.引起 (熟义:带来) The cries brought the neighbours running.哭声使邻居跑了过来。

18.build n.身材,体型 (熟义:v.修建) The football player has a solid build.足球运动员体格健壮。

C 19.can n.罐头 vt.做成罐头 (熟义:能) Mother cans fruit.妈妈把水果做成罐头。

20.cause n.事业 (熟义:n.起因,v.引起) The UN has done a lot for the cause of world peace.联合国为世界和平事业做了许多贡献。

21.chance n.可能性 v.碰巧 (熟义:机会) There is a chance that I will see him.可能我会遇见他。

We chanced to be out when she called.当她打电话时,我们恰好不在家。

22.come back ①重新流行 ②顶嘴 ③回想起来 (熟义:回来) Do you think long dresses will ever come back? 你认为长裙子还会再流行吗? He came back at her with a nasty remark.他以恶毒的语言回击她。

It's suddenly to come back where I saw you last.突然,我想起上次我在什么地方见过你。

23.come in 开始流行;上市;上台执政;承担(任务) (熟义:进来) This style is certain to come in this year.今年这种款式肯定流行。

If the Workers' Party comes in at the next election a lot of industry will be state-owned. 如果工人党下届上台执政,许多工业都将收为国有。

Here is the plan of attack,and this is where you come in. 这是我们的攻击计划,这是你要执行的任务。

24.come on 进行,进展;开始(下雨);上映,上演,举行 (熟义:快过来) How has he come on at school this year?他今年学业进展如何? The rain has just come on.雨刚开始下。

The next exam comes on in early summer.下次考试将在夏初进行。

25.come out ①出版;②开花;③结果(如何) (熟义:出来) Everything will come out all right.一切都会好的。

2

图2

26.company n.有人作伴;伙伴;客人(均为不可数) (熟义:公司) You may know a man by the company he keeps.你可以从一个人所交的朋友了解他的为人。

He came in company with a group of girls.他是和一群女孩子来的。

27.concert n.协作,一致 vt.商议 (熟义:音乐会) The various governments decided to act in concert over this matter. 各级决定互相配合处理此事。

The team made a concerted effort to win the game.这支球队齐心协力力争赢这场比赛。

28.cost vt.使失去(生命、健康等) (熟义:花费;值……) The patient's dangerous condition cost the doctors and nurses many a sleepless night. 病人的危险状态使医生、护士好几夜不曾合眼。

29.count vi.重要;vt.认为 [熟义:数(数目)] Every minute counts.每分每秒都重要。

On the whole she counted herself a fortunate wife.总的说来,她自认为还是一个幸运的人。

30.cover v.走完(一段路),够付(费用),看完(多少页书);涉及;报导(熟义:覆盖) Here is £5;that should cover all your expenses.这儿有 5 英镑,应该够付你所有的开支。

练习:将下列句子译成汉语。

1.The new theory became widely accepted. 2.The brake wouldn't act,so there was an accident. 3.The President gave an address to the nation over thd radio. 4.This ticket will admit three to the film. 5.The national flag stands out brightly against the blue sky. 6.Do it well if you do it at all . 7.It wasn't long before his new car broke down. 8.This type of suit doesn't agree with your build. 9.It chanced that the rain came on when we started out. 10.I came out first in this exam. 11.I have company this evening. 12.The teacher asked the students to read the text in concert. 13.Careless driving cost him his life. 14.For businessmen what counted was money. 15.Hospitals receive $10,000per donor to cover the costs of the operating room,doctors, and nurses.(自 2002 春季高考阅读题 E 篇) D 31.deal with①与……做生意;②与……来往③论及 (熟义:处理;对付) Do you deal with Sm ith,the butcher?你与肉商史密斯有生意往来吗? 32.desert vt.离开,抛弃 n.应得的赏罚 (熟义:沙漠) We sheltered from the storm in a deserted hut. 我们在一间空无人住的茅屋里躲暴风雨。

33.date A.日期 B.追溯 C.枣子 D.约会 The ancient temple has a long history and can date back to the year 1890AD.How wonderful it is! Which one is the correct meaning of the word“date”?_________. 34.depend A.依靠 B.信赖 C.视情况而定 —When will the sports meet be held? 3

图3

—It depends.I have no idea now. W hich one is the correct m eaning of the word“depend”?_________. 35.develop A.染上 B.发展 C.冲洗 D.开发 (熟义:发展;开发) It is really a bad news that after his father d last year his mother develops a terrible disease this year!How sad he is now! Which one is the correct meaning of the word“develop”?_________. 36.do A.做 B.将就 C.(表示强调)真地 D.行 (熟义:做,制作) —Which do you prefer,coffee or tea? —Either will do.It makes no difference for me. Which one is the correct meaning of the second“do”?_________. 37.draw A.打平 B.吸引 C.吸取 D.画 (熟义:画) Ladies and gentlemen,may I draw your attention to me?I have an important announcement to make. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“draw”?_________. 38.drive A.使 B.驾驶 C.驱赶 D.精力 (熟义:驾驶) Do you have any idea what has driven him mad? Which one is the correct meaning of the word“drive”?_________. (the key: 33-38 BCADBA) E 39.easy adj.舒适的,安分的,轻松的 (熟义:容易的) Now we are leading an easy life.现在我们过着舒适的生活。

40.escape v.被忘记 (熟义:逃走) His name escaped me for the moment.我一时想不起他的名字了。

41.eat one's words 收回前言,认错道歉(切勿望文生义,解为“食言”) He boasted that he would throw me downstairs;but I made him eat his words. 他吹嘘说他要把我抛下楼去,但我叫他收回他的话了。

42.example n.警告 (熟义:例子,榜样) Let this be an example to you.这便是给你的警告。

43.employ A.雇佣 B.使用 C.采取 My father employs more people during the harvest. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“employ”?_________. 44.end A.终点 B.结局 C.终止 At last,the war ended with the Englishmen winning.The Frenchmen had only controlled one province of Canada. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“end”?_________. 45.enter A.进入 B.加入 C.开始 D.报名 Have you entered yourself for the sports meet to be held next week? Which one is the correct meaning of the word“enter”?_________. 46.equal A.相当的 B.比得上 C.等于 Nothing can equal the pleasure of drinking a cold drink on a cold summer day. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“equal”?_________. 47.even A.有规律的 B.平坦的 C.甚至 D.公平的 Everything is evenly arranged at present. Don't be too worr. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“even”?_________. 4

图4

48.excuse A.免除 B.借口 C.原谅 Living in the country can excuse you from the worry of the heavy traffic and the polluted environment. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“excuse”?_________. 49.expect A.预计 B.盼望 C.希望 The weather turns out far better than we expected.Now we have got used to it. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“expect”?_________. 50.experience A.经验 B.经历 C.遭受 Now that you have experienced such an adventure before,you must be able to do with it. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“experience”?_________. 51.express A.明确的 B.高速的 C.表达 n.快车 (熟义:v.表达) It was in that express way that the traffic accident happened. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“express”?_________ His express wish was that you should come here by express train. 他明确的愿望是要你乘快车来 52.extra A.额外的 B.非常 C.额外的事物 The workers will get some extra pay if they work extra hours. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“extra”?_________ ( the key to 43-52 ACDBAAABBA) F 53.fail v.不足,缺乏;忽略 (熟义:失败,不及格) Our water supply failed.我们供水不足了。

He never fails to write to his mother every month.他从来不忘记每月写信给他的母亲。

54.familiar adj.密切的,亲密 (熟义:熟悉) Are you on familiar terms with Tom?你和 Tom 交情好吗? 55.family n.子女 (熟义:家) Has he any family?他有子女吗? 56.far from 远远不是 (熟义:离……远) The show was far from being a failure; it was a great success. 这个展览远远不是失败;而是十分成功的。

57.figure v.认为,想象 (熟义:n.数字;雕塑,人物) She figured that she would be next.她认为她可能就是下一个。

I couldn't figure out what he meant.我不明白他是什么意思。

58.fine v.&n.罚款 (熟义:adj.好的,晴朗的) He was fined $200.他被罚了 200 美元。

59.flood n.大量的东西;vt.大量而来,充满 (熟义:洪水) I received a flood of letters this morning.今天早上我收到大量的信件。

60.freeze v.不许动,停止走动(熟义:冻结,冻冰) Freeze!Drop your arms!不许动,放下武器!for every 每……就……(表示比例关系)(切勿望文生义) 61.for good 永远(勿望文生义) She'll soon leave London for good.她将永远离开伦敦。

62.foreign 不熟悉;和……格格不入 (熟义:外国的) The subject is foreign to me.我不熟悉这门学科。

5

图5

63.free 没有,免交;远离(常与 of 连用)(熟义:自由的,有空的) Most of the roads are free of snow.道路上的雪大部分都已化了。

64.face A.面对 B.面孔 C.表面 (熟义:脸) The American Indians have to face a lot of problems because they are not treated equally in the society and they are looked down upon. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“face”?_________ 65.fair A.公平 B.市场 C.白皙 “Fair play”is a rule that we should observe strictly when we are having a ma tch. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“fair”?_________ 66.fall A.降雨量 B.瀑布 C.掉下 D.秋天 Americans usually say“fall”while British are used to saying“autumn”,in fact they mean the same thing. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“fall”?_________ 67.fan A.扇子(熟义) B.吹 C.迷 .狂热者 The Chinese football fans are in great excitement because the Chinese National Football Team entered the World Cup Matches. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“fan”?_________ 68.favor A.关爱 B.赞成 C.帮忙 Will you please do me the favor to workout the maths problem ?It is too difficult for me. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“favor”?_________ 69.feel A.触角 B.摸起来 C.感觉 D.摸 In the dark street I had no choice but to feel my way home.I nearly fell down in the darkness. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“feel”?_________ 70.fight A.(名词) B.斗志 C.(动词) The boy is full of energy and fight,so he is very troublesome. Which one is the correct meaning of the word“fight”?_________ (Key:64-70 AADCCDB) G 71.game adj.愿意(去做难而危险之事) (熟义:游戏,比赛) Are you game to climb the mountain?你愿意去爬山吗? 72.get away with (做坏事)不受惩罚 (熟义:带着……逃跑) The child ought to be punished.You shouldn't let him get away with telling lies. 这孩子该受惩罚,他撒了谎,你不该把他放过了。

73.get back 报复 (熟义:回来/去,拿回来/去) He will get back at you for this.他要因此而报复你。

74.get down 写下;使情绪低落,身体虚弱 (熟义:下来,使下来) All this waiting and delay is really getting her down.这漫长的等待与拖延使她疲惫不堪了。

75.get down to 着手干某事(勿望文生义) It's time I got down to marking the papers.是我开始批改试卷的时候了。

76.get off 寄走;使不受惩罚;使……睡觉 (熟义:下车,离开,动身) I'll have to get this letter off by tonight.今晚我一定得把信寄出去。

I'll pay anything you ask if you manage to get her off. 6

图6

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